The Orations of Winston Churchill: “We Shall Fight on the Beaches”

Nearly nine months after the Nazi invasion of Poland in September 1939, the Phoney War had come to an end. The German armies advanced westward, as French and British troops were pushed further toward the coast. General Viscount Gort, the Commander of the British Expeditionary Force, ordered a retreat to the nearby port of Dunkirk. Government … Continue reading The Orations of Winston Churchill: “We Shall Fight on the Beaches”

The Orations of Winston Churchill: The Abdication of King Edward VIII

A constitutional crisis erupted in Britain when the reigning monarch, King Edward VIII, decided to marry Wallis Simpson. Not only was Simpson an American divorcée, but she had also been married twice beforehand. And, not only that, but both her former husbands were still alive. These incomprehensible circumstances had no place within the established Anglican … Continue reading The Orations of Winston Churchill: The Abdication of King Edward VIII

The Orations of Winston Churchill: “Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat”

On May 10, 1940, Neville Chamberlain resigned from the position of Prime Minister amidst pressure from the other MPs in Parliament. Just three days earlier, MP Leo Amery had delivered a political tirade at the House of Commons, critiquing Chamberlain's failed Norwegian Campaign and calling for his resignation: "There must be a change. First and foremost, it … Continue reading The Orations of Winston Churchill: “Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat”